[REPONSE] Parlement européen, Question E-000086/2021 avec demande de réponse écrite à la Commission de Sylwia Spurek (Verts/ALE), Francisco Guerreiro (Verts/ALE), Manuela Ripa (Verts/ALE), Eleonora Evi (Verts/ALE), Alexis Georgoulis (The Left) du 8 janvier 2021 - L’importance des alternatives végétales dans le passage à un modèle de production alimentaire plus durable (Réponse publiée le 12 mars 2021)

Niveau juridique : Union européenne

Texte de la question :

« Parliament recently rejected a number of amendments aimed at limiting the use of meat-related names for plant-based alternatives. It is indispensable to recognise that transitioning from the current food production model to a more sustainable alternative is crucial to tackling climate change, protecting people’s health, and increasing safeguards for consumer rights. A recent Greenpeace report (‘Farming for failure’) enumerated a number of important policy recommendations regarding the shift to more plant-based diets. The Commission also recognised the importance of plant-based alternatives in a special report on the development of plant proteins in the EU published in 2018.

1. How is the Commission planning to incentivise farmers to shift from animal to plant-based production?

2. Is the Commission planning to introduce policies promoting and supporting, including supporting by financial means, plant-based food production, and if so, how will they be formulated to ensure implementation by all EU countries?

3. Where does the Commission stand on meat produced by means of cellular agriculture? Is it going to support such innovations? »

Réponse de Mr Wojciechowski au nom de la Commission :

« The current Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) already provides several instruments that directly or indirectly support protein crops in the EU, such as greening, rural development programmes and voluntary coupled support. In the Farm to Fork Strategy, the Commission presented a plan for the transition to a sustainable food system. Due to their positive impact on the environment, protein plants will have an important role to play in this transition.Under the future CAP, it is proposed that Member States will have the possibility to include,in their CAP strategic plans, interventions under sectoral programmes that could support the protein crops sector. Moreover, in the framework of the eco-schemes, the Commission proposes to reward agricultural practices that promote protein plants, such as crop rotation with leguminous crops. The Commission is undertaking a review of the promotion policy, with a view to enhancing its contribution to sustainable production and consumption, and in line with the shift to a more plant-based diet.Cultured meat technology is still under development and, according to the novel food Regulation, the placing on the market of any novel food shall be authorised by the Commission based on a positive European Food Safety Authority evaluation with regard to the effects of the novel food on human health. Currently, no novel food containing cultured meat is authorised. The Commission is supporting research and innovation activities on protein crops through EIP-AGRI and projects under Horizon 2020. Research projects concerning cultured meat are also funded under Horizon 20205. The future Horizon Europe will further support research in these areas, in line with the Farm to Fork Strategy. »

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