Niveau juridique : Union européenne
Texte de la question :
« On 14 December 2019, the new European Regulation on protective measures against pests of plants (1) entered into force. Unlike the previous legislation, it no longer lists fire blight as a disease subject to compulsory control, caused by a quarantine pest.
Fire blight (caused by Erwinia amylovora) is a plant disease that occurs in Europe and causes serious damage to fruit trees and bushes. The disease spreads rapidly and is highly contagious, so that removal or destruction of infected plants is the only effective measure. Its deletion from the list of quarantine pests means that this is no longer compulsory.
In response to my question of 26 July 2019 concerning fire blight (E-002467/2019), the then Commissioner replied that Erwinia amylovora was recognised as a regulated non-quarantine pest, taking into account the importance of the pest.
1 Can the Commission clarify this? Exactly what specific measures to combat Erwinia amylovora or fire blight are applicable? Will the Commission take additional measures to counter the further spread of this disease?
2 How can the Member States, supported by the Commission, take measures themselves to counter the further spread of fire blight without infringing European legislation?
(1) Regulation (EU) No 2016/203 »
Réponse donnée par Ms Kyriakides au nom de la Commission, 12 mars 2020
« Under Regulation (EU) 2019/2072 (1), Erwinia amylovora has been classified as - a “protected zone quarantine pest”(2) for so called ”protected zones” within the Union that are free from this pestand have therefore been granted strengthened protection (3); and - as a regulated non-quarantine pest for the plant propagative material of specific host plants used for fruit production or ornamental purposes (4).The measures applicable against this pest are aimed at ensuring that the relevant plant reproductive material marketed in the Union is free from the organism, and that the relevant protected zones are sufficiently protected against its introduction. The measures may be amended in the future in the light of new technical or scientific evidence.Member States can apply for a recognition in their territory of a protected zone for Erwinia amylovora pursuant to Article 32 of Regulation 2016/2031 (5). Member States can also delimit a pest-free area according to the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures No. 4 (6). In accordance with Article 31 of Regulation 2016/2031, Member States may also apply within their territories more stringent measures than those referred to in the previous paragraph.Recognised producer organisations may implement crisis measures under approved operational programmes, among which replanting of orchards following mandatory grubbing-up for health or phytosanitary reasons. These organisations may therefore benefit from EU financial assistance.
1 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072, OJ L 319, 10.12.2019, p. 1–279.
2 Pests for which it is necessary to adopt control measures only in one or more parts of the Union territory, so called ‘protected zones’ (not the entire Union territory).
3 Annex III(a)(1) of Regulation 2019/2072
4 Annex IV(D) and (J) of Regulation 2019/2072
7 Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 Article 33(3);OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p.671.»
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