Parlement européen - Question écrite à la Commission E-002268-18, de Miguel Viegas (GUE/NGL) « Nouvelle maladie affectant les cerisiers »

Niveau juridique : Union européenne

Texte de la question :

« A new pest affecting cherry trees has been detected in Japan. The ‘Aromia bungii’ beetle originates from China, Taiwan, the Korean peninsula and northern Vietnam. This parasite lives in the bark of trees where it absorbs moisture and may lead to the death of the tree.

The insect is thought to have entered Japan in 2012 through imported wood and has already sparked a warning from the health authorities, who have published a manual aimed at providing basic instructions for the public on how to deal with affected trees.

Is the Commission aware of this situation? How does it assess the risk of the pest spreading to Europe, in particular through imported wood from Japan or other countries where this parasite is found? »

Réponse donnée par Mr Andriukaitis au nom de la Commission

« The Commission is aware of the situation regarding Aromia bungii and outbreaks have occurred in some EU Member States.

EU funds have been made available for survey activities of Aromia bungii under Regulation (EU) 652/2014 (1). Many Member States are actively surveying their territory for the potential presence of this harmful organism. In addition, Aromia bungii was included in the 2019-2020 work programmes(2) for the implementation of survey programmes for pests, as eligible for co-funding.

With regard to protective measures, this harmful organism is currently not regulated under Directive 2000/29/EC(3). However, the Commission is considering proposing a Commission Implementing Decision on an emergency measure on Aromia bungii and its inclusion as a harmful organism with quarantine status in the annexes to Directive 2000/29/EC. »

(1) Regulation (EU) No 652/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 laying down provisions for the management of expenditure relating to the food chain, animal health and animal welfare, and relating to plant health and plant reproductive material, amending Council Directives 98/56/EC, 2000/29/EC and 2008/90/EC, Regulations (EC) No 178/2002, (EC) No 882/2004 and (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Decisions 66/399/EEC, 76/894/EEC and 2009/470/EC, OJ L 189, 27.6.2014, p. 1‐32.

(2) Commission Implementing Decision C(2018)2491 final of 30.4.2018 establishing a work programme for the years 2019-2020 for the implementation of survey programmes for pests.

(3) Council Directive 2000/29/EC of 8 May 2000 on protective measures against the introduction into the Community of organisms harmful to plants or plant products and against their spread within the Community, OJ L 169, 10.7.2000, p. 1.

Lien vers la question ici