Niveau juridique : Union européenne
Texte en Anglais et roumain uniquement.
Question E-012439-15 Daniel Buda (PPE)- Préservation de la biodiversité végétale en Roumanie.
Texte de la question posée le 3-09-2015 :
Biodiversity is an important global topic at present, in particular against the background of the creation of numerous modern varieties with extraordinary qualities in terms of both production and quality, and also given the emergence of genetically modified organisms, which lead to the loss of the gene pool and to the genetic degradation of the impressive traditional varieties. At present, Romania only has one vegetal genetic resources bank, in Suceava, which deals with the sustainable preservation of these varieties. Therefore, the encouragement of the development and multiplication of such centres in Romania, and the creation of a connection between people who desire the preservation of these varieties and people who want them to be introduced into production, as well as the encouragement of the latter to make such decisions, contribute to the mitigation of the negative effect that the emergence of new varieties and of genetically modified organisms has on the gene pools, on the environment, and on food safety.
What is the Commission’s point of view regarding the encouragement of the development of these types of centres?
What measures does the Commission propose with a view to the multiplication/support of vegetal genetic resources banks?
What financial instruments does the Commission have available for supporting the Romanian authorities with regard to creating more vegetal genetic resources banks?
REPONSE donnée le 11-11-2015 par Mr Hogan au nom de la Commission
1. The Commission considers that agricultural genetic diversity is key to be able to respond to climatic and environmental changes and supports the idea that conservation has to be performed both in-situ (in the natural environment) and ex-situ (in gene banks). In that sense, the Commission encourages relevant stakeholders to pursue ambitious conservation targets. The Commission considers that it is essential that conservation efforts are integrated, rationalised and harmonised so as to manage existing (and future) collections in a well-coordinated manner in order to achieve economies of scale and better serve the needs of different stakeholders.
2. Under Horizon 2020, the EU Research and Innovation Framework, the Commission offers opportunities in support of ex-situ and in-situ conservation. A number of research initiatives have been published under the first Work Programme (2014/2015) of Horizon 2020, Societal Challenge 2 and amounting to funding of about EUR 28 million for both in-situ and ex-situ genetic resources conservation. Further funding opportunities to create infrastructures are provided under the Research Infrastructure part of Horizon 2020
3. Concerning the instruments available to promote the conservation of genetic resources in agriculture and forestry, EU support is possible from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). The agri-environment climate measure (Article 28 of Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013(1) and Article 8 of the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 807/2014(2)) allows for support for this type of action. However, based on the needs assessment and SWOT analysis, Romania has opted not to include this type of support in the new National Rural Development Programme 2014-2020.
(1) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013.
(2) OJ L 227, 31.7.2014.